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Table 3 Design variables range—PID Control

From: GA-based multi-objective optimization of active nonlinear quarter car suspension system—PID and fuzzy logic control

Design variable Range Size
Kp 15,000–2000 = 13,000 213 = 8192 < 13,000 < 214 = 16,384 14 bits
Ki 150–10 = 140 27 = 128 < 140 < 28 = 256 08 bits
Kd 50,000–15,000 = 35,000 215 = 32,768 < 35,000 < 216 = 65,536 16 bits